Friday, August 11, 2017

Use of Monocryl for subcutaneous skin closure minimizes wound complications in cesarean sections

courtesy: https://www.esutures.com/product/images/full/IMG-6441.jpg

courtesy:http://media.xn--benersttning-lcb.se/2012/05/vicryl1.jpg
Subcuticular skin closure after cesarean delivery with poliglecaprone 25 suture IMONOCRYL) decreases the rate of cesarean wound complications by 39% as compared with polyglactin 910 suture (Coated VICRYL) says the result of randomized control trial published ahead of print in Journal Obstetrics and Gynecology.

Monocryl is monofilament, absorbable suture which dissolves slowly and loses strength while Vicryl is braided, absorbable suture that dissolves quickly but maintain strengths.

The type of skin suture and rate of wound infection after cesarean section has not been widely studied. In this study, the researchers compared the two sutures in term of subsequent wound complication rates (SSI, hematoma, seroma, wound separation) after a cesarean section through a Pfannenstiel skin incision followed by subcuticular closure.

This single center RCT conducted at Montefiore Medical Center, New York recruited about 520 women over a course of 1.25 years. About 263 women were randomized to receive the wound closure with monocryl while in 209 women the wound was closed with vicryl.

The groups were similar in terms of demographics, medical comorbidities and perioperative characteristics. They were followed up for a period of 30 days for wound gaping of > 1 cm in length, hematoma or seroma and surgical site infections as per Centers for Disease Control and Prevention criteria’s.

Use of monocryl was associated with significant less infection as compared to vicryl (8.8% compared with 14.4% (relative risk 0.61, 95% CI 0.37-0.99; P=.04).

The researchers concluded that,” Closure of the skin after cesarean delivery with poliglecaprone 25 suture decreases the rate of wound complications compared with polyglactin 910 suture.”




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